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Jay Fisher - World Class Knifemaker


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Khukris

Kukris, Khukuris

"Phlegra" Khukri, Obverse side view: bead blasted, hot blued O-1 high carbon tungsten vanadium tool steel blade, 304 stainless steel bolsters, Ziricote exotic hardwood handle, hand-tooled leather sheath
More about this Khukri: Phlegra

Khukris

There are few knives that are distinctly defined by their unique blade shape. The Khukri is one of the best known. The kukri is the traditional knife of the Nepalese. There are several spellings for the word (Khukri, kukri, khukuri, and kukkri) and they're all pronounced the same: (kook-er-ee). It is used as a preferred weapon, tool, and implement in Nepal, since at least before the 17th century. It is similar in shape to the Egyptian kopesh, with a bent forward, sweeping curved blade. Related blade styles are the Greek kopis, the Roman falcatta, and the Macedonian machiara.

Modern kukris can be large or small, but most of my traditional styles have at least a 10" (25 cm.) blade. The khukris I make are tactical, somewhat traditionally styled; all are art. The blade shape and handle arrangement lends itself to fine geometry of grind, and a very good kukri is hard to make. You might see a lot of this knife design, but very few are executed well. I hollow grind my kukris, and that is rare, indeed. That's probably because of the blade shape, with the deep recurve, sweeping belly, and long overall grind, it is very difficult to make a hollow ground kukri well.

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"Nasmyth-Marius" handmade custom khukri, obverse side view in satin finished 440C high chromium stainless steel blade, naval brass bolsters and pins, Honduras Rosewood hardwood handle, kydex, aluminum, blued steel sheath
More about this Khukri: Nasmyth-Marius

Hollow Ground Khukris

Only the very finest kukris in history were hollow ground. I've added emphasis here because there is a lot of misinformation on the web about the grind of this knife, and the cheap imitations are more easily manufactured with convex or taper grinding the blade like a cheap machete. This knife is not traditionally a machete, but a multi-faceted tool and weapon. See related topic below. To grind one like a machete degrades the performance of the khukri, and places it in the same capabilities of a common bolo machete from Central and South America, doing it a great injustice. The manufactured khukris are also poorly served by making them from thin, springy stock, like a bolo, degrading their value and performance overall. The reason is one of economy in manufacture, not one of value or tradition.

The distinct forward bend in the blade geometry has several advantages. It allows a more relaxed wrist position when holding the knife, with the wrist at a straighter angle when a blow is delivered, rather than bent forward, putting strain on the radius-wrist joint. Because of the wider area toward the point of the blade, more impact can be delivered, more weight pushes the center of percussion toward the point, and the sweeping belly makes for extremely effective slashing cuts. That is probably the reason for the reputation of this warrior's weapon. Slashing cuts, though often proven in history to be less lethal, have a more violent and horrifying effect. To this day, the Nepalese warriors and their khukris are legendary for their fearless bravery and effectiveness in combat. Probably less recognized is the recurve area, toward the tang where the edge sweeps inward. This area is less apt to take an impact, and when hollow ground makes a devastatingly keen cutting edge, and being protected by the large belly, is more likely to stay sharp. That is handy for fine cutting chores.

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"Maginus-Nasmyth" handmade custom khukri, obverse side view in bead blasted 440C stainless steel blade, nickel silver bolsters, Nephrite Jade gemstone, African Blackwood handle, faux lizard skin inlaid in hand-carved leather sheath
More about this Khukri: Maginus-Nasmyth

The internet is rife with misinformation about the khukri

An individual posted some of my khukri pictures on a knife forum (bulletin board). Another member claimed he winced every time he saw a hollow ground khukri, and even posted pictures of a cheap looking khukri with a bent, broken and chipped blade as evidence that the hollow grind in a khukri did not work. Here's the email that I responded with:

Hello, M.
It’s always interesting to read what guys think of knives, uses, grinds, geometry, and tradition. Please do not believe everything you read. Traditionally only the finest khukris are hollow ground and there are many historical references that cite this. The khukri of historical fame is a fierce weapon, used to slash and disable the enemy, and I talk about it at length on my Khukri page (here). The khukri is NOT an axe, designed for chopping down a tree, though I suppose that traditionally, utilitarian khukris are used as all-around tools. Most of those used for working knives are cheap, thick, and made of relatively inexpensive and soft steel, like an axe or machete.

The grind is important, and if you are creating an axe, a convex grind is appropriate. My khukris (and all my combat and tactical models) are first weapons, and secondly tools, so my clients request razor-keen and thin edges, serviceable throughout the life of the knife (as it is repeatedly sharpened). I talk about grind geometry and longevity extensively on my “Blades Page” at this bookmark.

How resistant a knife edge is to breakage, bending, wear, and chipping does not solely depend on the grind geometry! True, I do grind knives intended for light occasional chopping thicker, such as my CSAR knives. But the blade serviceability depends on the type of steel used, the hardness and temper, the weight and impact pressure of the blow, the angularity of the blow, and the material being cut or chopped. Give me a tree of Honduras Rosewood or Lignum Vitae, and I’ll frustrate even the axe! And I don’t care how a knife is ground or made, ANY knife blade can be broken or ruined.

The point is, M., that a knife is for cutting, and an axe is for chopping, and a saw is for sawing, and if there was truly a tool that could be all things to all users, we would only have ONE design, and it would dominate and push all the others out of existence. Right now, I have over 340 designs on my site, and it’s showing no signs of stopping, so that evidently is not the case in my own work.

I guess the most important thing I can say is that I’ve had fantastic feedback from all my military, combat, police, SWAT, CSAR, and SERE clients about the performance of my khukris and other styles of blades. And they are the guys that are using the knives in combat and in the professional field. That hard-earned reputation is why I’m about two years in backorders, and the list is growing daily…that’s the most important thing

Thanks M., for your interest and support,

Jay
"Phlegra" custom combat, tactical knife, obverse side view in blued O1 high carbon tungsten-vanadium tool steel blade, 304 stainless steel bolsters, canvas Micarta phenolic handle, kydex, aluminum, blued steel sheath with engraved flashplate
More about this Khukri: Phlegra

Sorry, I don't make machetes

Guys who "specialize" in khukri collection often share their passionate beliefs about this knife. Mostly, this discussion revolves around the grind of the khukri, specifically, hollow grind vs. convex or flat grind and the use of the khukri.

I don't make khukri machetes, used for digging, prying, chopping, or abusing the way one would abuse a common tool. I do know that modern khukri use in Nepal, where the khukri originated, is dominated by machete-khukris, limited to the materials available at hand by the indigenous population like leaf springs and saw blade steels, or whatever they have to make this necessary and useful tool. But this is not the kind of khukri I make. I make tactical combat khukris, weapons and knives, in the traditional style of the knife but used by modern professionals. As a professional knife maker, I try to make only the best within my client's price range.

I let my military clients use the knives in the field of combat for evaluation. I let men with dangerous jobs take the knives into a foreign land, and carry them for one, two, three, or four tours of duty in full combat. They give me a realistic evaluation based on how it uses and carries, how accessible and durable it is, how fast and (dare I admit) lethal the knife and cutting edge is since these are combat weapons.

I also make plenty of khukris and other knives carried and used by SERE professionals. SERE is the acronym for Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape, the survival specialists of our military. These guys are the real thing, and have thankfully offered intense input on how the knives they will use in combat, escape, and survival situations are built, ground, outfitted, finished, and sheathed. I defer to the logic, input, and evaluation of my professional clients and make them the knives they want.

Because of the overwhelming proclivity for khukris to be used as machetes, the differences between a machete tool and a combat weapon are substantial. In Weapons - A visual history of Arms and Armor, a defining professional text published by Dorling Kindersley Limited in 2006, with input from a string of professional consultants of armor and weapons, the khukri is defined as a "short, curved sword from Nepal." Another reference is from the great Richard Burton who wrote the definitive text "The Book of the Sword," and who refers to the khukri as "the dreaded Kukkri or Gurkha Sword-knife now used, however, only for hand-to hand fighting," (vs. being thrown like a boomerang or war quoit). These and numerous other historic references note that the sword was as sharp as a razor, with a point like a needle. When these sources are talking about khukri weapons, they are obviously not referring to common chore and field tools used for chopping and digging, so there is a clear and obvious delineation here.

How do I professionally represent razor sharpness? In a hollow grind, that's how. I talk about it in great detail on my Blades page, but the gist is this: a convex grind is great for an axe, and it can be made very sharp. But it is limited in its service and application, as a great deal of material must be removed every time it is sharpened to yield a thin enough relief to hone a keen cutting edge. The hollow grind has the reputation of being the thinnest, sharpest grind and the most easily serviceable to bring up a keen cutting edge. For the maker, the hollow grind is the most difficult to master, so it is less frequently seen in less expensive, more utilitarian tools with lower value.

The khukri, though often made and represented as a machete-like tool, is at its most notable application a weapon. Between field tool and combat weapon, one could draw the same comparison as between a hunting rifle and an M-16. You might need both; they are very different.

There are plenty of reference sources in published texts and here on the internet that discuss the grinds of the khukri. Only the best, finest, and most highly valued khukris were historically hollow ground. Most of the others are flat ground or convex ground, just like a machete. The utilitarian flat or convex grind is fine if the khukri will be used to chop trees and dig trenches, but that is not the kind of khukri I make. Also departing from tradition, I don't use truck leaf springs, Sattisaal Walnut for the handles, or cover the sheaths in water buffalo hide, so my khukris are not contemporary-traditional. Why do I refer to the traditional as contemporary? Because the khukri has changed dramatically over the centuries, and has intensely changed over just the last few decades. Khukris have been manufactured, handmade, adapted, evolved, and varied in many forms, sizes, materials, shapes and arrangements. Even today in Nepal, there are hundreds of deviations of the style, form, materials, geometry, and accoutrements for the khukri. There is no requirement that a khukri be made in a traditional style, and even if there was, how could it possibly be defined?

I make tactical and combat khukris the way I think is best. I accept continuous feedback from my professional clients, and make them in my own style, as a professional modern American custom knife maker. If you would like your khukri made in a very special way, drop me an email, and we'll talk, after all, this is a custom affair!

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"Nasmyth-Marius" khukri, obverse side view in satin finished 440C high chromium stainless steel blade, brass bolsters, Honduras Rosewood hardwood handle, kydex, aluminum, steel sheath
More about this Khukri: Nasmyth-Marius

Unique Khukri Features

At the ricasso of the khukri is a "cho" (one wonders about the more modern word "choil"). It has a lot of tradition, but in modern works serves as a terminal point for the cutting edge, and a decorative point of focus. Currently, my kukris have full tangs, not the more common (and weaker) hidden tang handle arrangements. This makes them physically stronger. It does create some problems in handle construction, particularly with the traditional palm ring seen in a lot of historic kukris, as the ring has to be segmented, and mounted in a central reinforced bolster with hidden pins. The palm ring is an interesting feature of some of these knives. While a small-handed person may think it is for separating two hands on the knife handle, for most people it is a useful adjunct to gripping the handle and securing it to the palm. This is necessary because the blade of the khukri is heavy, with a center of percussion at the belly, and the center of balance somewhere along the blade in front of the front bolster.

Most of my kukris have full filework, from blade tip to cho. This may mean hundreds and hundreds of file cuts.

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"Nasmyth" fine handmade khukri, edgework, filework detail. Blade is 440C stainless steel, brass bolsters, tigereye, australian tiger iron gemstone handle, hand-stamped leather sheath
More about this Khukri: Nasmyth

Special Sheaths for Khukris

The sheaths I make for kukris are heavy 9-12 oz. leather shoulder or kydex on a 5052H32 corrosion-resistant, high strength aluminum frame secured with .250" Chicago screws. Despite the overall size of the weapon, the sheaths are not inordinately large, as they usually cover only the blade. Another advantage of the heavy blade point is the ability for the knife to stay in the sheath with only the weight of the blade. I do not make a locking sheath for these larger knives, as the knife would be unwieldy in any other position than blade down. Some of these knives weigh several pounds!

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Heavy hand-tooled and stamped khukri sheath in leather shoulder, double stitched with polyester sinew for large khukri
More about this Khukri: Phlegra

Derivatives, Variations of the Khukri Blade Style

Since the blade style is appealing, you might recognize it on other knives that are in my pattern inventory. Some of these are tactical combat knives, some are skinning, hunting and field dressing knives, and even a castrating knife has a similar blade shape. The deep, rounded belly of the knife creates a sweeping thin edge that is useful for a wide variety of cutting and skinning operations. When supplemented with a top swage and an aggressive point, the knife makes a great and useful tactical combat weapon. In the thumbnail pictures below, I'll link the text to a featured page of the individual knife if I have one.

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Is a Khukri Right for You?

Full-sized khukris are a hefty package. The first consideration is usually weight, as these are large and heavy knives and may be difficult to pack around. These are knives, not axes, and not machetes, so should not be considered as a replacement for a camp saw, an axe, or a chopping tool. Though they may work for skinning game in a pinch, they are usually too large for delicate work. Most of the khukris I make are for combat and tactical operations. In this realm, if you have the guns to sport this heavy blade, it is a truly formidable weapon and tool.

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"Nasmyth" fine khukri, obverse side view: 440C high chromium stainless steel blade, hand-engraved brass bolsters, bicolored tiger eye quartz, Australian tiger iron gemstone handle, hand-stamped leather sheath
More about this Khukri: Nasmyth
Be sure and look at the individual featured Khukri knife pages

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Main Purchase Tactical Specific Types Technical Miscellaneous
Home Page Where's My Knife, Jay? Current Tactical Knives for Sale The Awe of the Blade Blades My Photography
Website Overview Current Knives for Sale Tactical, Combat Knife Portal Museum Pieces Knife Anatomy Photographic Services
My Mission Collaborative Knives for Sale All Tactical, Combat Knives Investment, Collector's Knives Custom Knives Photographic Images
The Finest Knives and You How To Order Professional, Military Commemoratives Daggers Modern Knifemaking Technology  
Featured Knives: Page One Purchase Finished Knives USAF Pararescue Knives Swords Knife Patterns  
Featured Knives: Page Two Order Custom Knives USAF Pararescue "PJ- Light" Folding Knives Knife Pattern Alphabetic List My Writing
Featured Knives: Page Three Order Custom Collaborative Knives 27th Air Force Special Operations Chef's Knives New Materials First Novel
Featured Knives: Older/Early Bank Transfers Khukris: Combat, Survival, Art Hunting Knives Factory vs. Handmade Knives Second Novel
Email Jay Fisher Custom Knife Design Fee The Best Combat Locking Sheath Working Knives Six Distinctions of Fine Knives Knife Book
Contact, Locate Jay Fisher My Knife Prices Grip Styles, Hand Sizing Khukris Knife Styles  
FAQs Delivery Times Tactical Knife Sheath Accessories   Business of Knifemaking  
Current, Recent Works, Events Knife Sales Policy Military Knife Care   Jay's Internet Stats Links
Client's News and Info My Shipping Method Serrations   The 3000th Term Site Table of Contents
Who Is Jay Fisher?   Concealed Carry and Knives   Serrations  
Top 22 Reasons to Buy       Skeletonized Knives  
Collaborative Knives       Handles, Bolsters, Guards  
James Beauchamp Collaboratives       Knife Handles: Gemstone  
Etienne Beauchamp Collaboratives       Gemstone Alphabetic List  
Rusty Russom Collaboratives       Knife Handles: Woods  
My Family       Knife Handles: Horn, Bone, Ivory  
What I Do And Don't Do       Knife Handles: Manmade Materials  
CD ROM Archive       Knife Sheaths  
My Knifemaking History       Knife Stands and Cases  
Publications, Publicity       Knife Embellishment  
Letters and Emails       Knife Maker's Marks  
Funny Letters and Emails, Pg. 1       How to Care for Custom Knives  
Funny Letters and Emails, Pg. 2       Knife Making Instruction  
Funny Letters and Emails, Pg. 3       Larger Monitors and Knife Photos  
Funny Letters and Emails, Pg. 4 Copyright and Knives
Funny Letters and Emails, Pg. 5       440C: A Love/Hate Affair  
        ATS-34: Chrome/Moly Tough  
        D2: Wear Resistance King  
        O1: Oil Hardened Blued Beauty